Reported Speech (= Függő beszéd)

A) Statements (= Állító mondat)

Simple Present:

She said ‘I go to school every day’.

Simple Past:

She said (that) se went to school every day.

Present Continuous:

She said ‘I’m reading’.

Past Continuous:

She said (that) she was reading.

Present Perfect:

She said ‘I have built a house’.

Past Perfect:

She said (that) she had built a house.

Present Perfect Continuous:

She said ‘I have been working here since 1985’.

Past Perfect Continuous:

She said (that) she had been working there since 1985.

Simple Past:

She said ‘I had dinner with him yesterday’.

Past Perfect:

She said (that) she had had dinner with him the day before.

Past Continuous:

She said ‘I was watching TV at 6’.

Past Perfect Continuous:

She said (that) she had been watching TV at 6.

Past Perfect:

She said ‘By that time I had cleaned the windows’.

Past Perfect:

She said (that) she had cleaned the windows.

Simple Future:

She said ‘I will visit you’.

would + ige 1. alak:

She said (that) she would visit me.

Nem változik az igeidő:

say + ‘I go to school’ + Simple Present

She says (that) she goes to school.

say + ‘I go to school’ + Present Perfect

She has said (that) she goes to school.

say + ‘I go to school’ + Simple Future

She will say (that) she goes to school.

Általános igazságoknál:

‘Lucy is very clever’

She says (mind a 12 igeidőben állhat az ige) (that) Lucy is very clever.

Questions (= Kérdő mondat)

Eldöntendő kérdés

‘Do you go to school?’

She asked if/whether I went to school.

She wanted to know if/whether I went to school.

Kifejtendő kérdés

‘What do you do in your free time?’

She asked what I did in my free time.

She wanted to know what I did in my free time.

Imperative (= Felszólító mondat)

‘Go to school’

She told me to go to school.

‘Don’t go to school’

She told me not to go to school.

Függő beszédnél megváltoznak az alábbi szavak:

may

might

can

could

must

must

ought to

ought to

now

then

here

there

this

that

there

those

yesterday

the day before / the previous day

tomorrow

the next day

next week

the following week